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1852 United States Coast Survey California harbor map, including Santa Cruz

Place/Date: Washington, D.C. / 1852
$250.
Title: Reconnaissance of the Harbors of Santa Cruz, San Simeon, Coxo and San Luis Obispo California
Technique
Lithograph
Dimensions
34.3 x 43.0 cm (13.5 x 16.9 in)
Identifier
NL-00297
Coloring
Uncolored
Condition Rating
VG
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Description

This detailed coast survey shows several important harbors along the central coast of California, including Santa Cruz, San Luis Obispo, San Simeon, and Coxo (just south of Pt. Conception).

There are notations on breakers, reefs, the sea floor, and other navigational details. The topography of the land along the coast is illustrated by hachure.

The survey was completed under the command of Lieut. James Alden. Outlines and topography engraved by H.C. Evans and Max Strobel, with lettering engraved by H.M. Knight.

Cartographer(s)

Office of the Coast Survey

The Office of Coast Survey is the official chartmaker of the United States. Set up in 1807, it is one of the U.S. government’s oldest scientific organizations. In 1878 it was given the name of Coast and Geodetic Survey (C&GS). In 1970 it became part of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

The agency was established in 1807 when President Thomas Jefferson signed the document entitled “An act to provide for surveying the coasts of the United States.” While the bill’s objective was specific—to produce nautical charts—it reflected larger issues of concern to the new nation: national boundaries, commerce, and defense.

Alexander Dallas Bache, great-grandson of Benjamin Franklin, was the second Coast Survey superintendent. Bache was a physicist, scientist, and surveyor who established the first magnetic observatory and served as the first president of the National Academy of Sciences. Under Bache, Coast Survey quickly applied its resources to the Union cause during the Civil War. In addition to setting up additional lithographic presses to produce the thousands of charts required by the Navy and other vessels, Bache made a critical decision to send Coast Survey parties to work with blockading squadrons and armies in the field, producing hundreds of maps and charts.

In 1871, Congress officially expanded the Coast Survey’s responsibilities to include geodetic surveys in the interior of the country, and one of its first major projects in the interior was to survey the 39th Parallel across the entire country. Between 1874 and 1877, the Coast Survey employed the naturalist and author John Muir as a guide and artist during the survey of the 39th Parallel in the Great Basin of Nevada and Utah. To reflect its acquisition of the mission of surveying the U.S. interior and the growing role of geodesy in its operations, the U.S. Coast Survey was renamed the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey (USC&GS) in 1878.

Condition Description

A clean and bright example, issued folding and now pressed and backed in tissue. The left margin has been extended to accommodate framing.

References

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