This is an early woodblock map of the island of Taprobana (Ceylon, Sri Lanka), which depicts the typical misconceptions of Ptolemy: the island is greatly enlarged, surrounded by smaller imaginary islands, and with a small part of India incorrectly drawn in the northeast corner of the map. Taprobana was drawn too large on most early maps due, in part, to its importance to trade between the Europe and Southeast Asia. Furthermore, Marco Polo had stated that the island had a circumference of 2400 miles and had been even larger in the past.
This map is largely based on the 1513 map by Waldseemüller, with the addition of more of the spurious Indian coastline and more small islands to the east of the island.
The title is on the verso along with Latin text.
This edition was printed by Gaspar Treschel and edited by Michael Villanovus (known as Servetus). Servetus was charged with heresy by John Calvin in 1553, in part due to the text in this atlas. The courts found him guilty and sentenced him to burning at the stake, atop a pyre of his own books, including this atlas.