Tabula Asiae I (Turkey)

Fantastic mid-16th century Ptolemaic map of Turkey.

Cartographer(s): Sebastian Münster
Date: 1545
Place: Basel
Dimensions: 26 x 34 cm (10.2 x 13.4 in)
Condition Rating: VG+

Out of stock

SKU: NL-00243 Category:


This wonderful map of Asia Minor is based on the work of classical geographer Claudius Ptolemy, and his landmark cartographic treatise, Geographia. The map includes parts of the Mediterranean and Aegean Seas, with the islands of Cyprus, Crete, Rhodes, and more. Up through the Dardanelles and the Sea of Marmara, we come to the Bosphorus and a representation of Constantinople spanning the divide between Europe and Asia.

Much of the Black Sea is depicted, within which are two boxes of Latin texts with classical place names. Crossing the Anatolian interior are stylized mountain ranges and river systems, including Cappadocia. The first section of the Euphrates River, which originates in the Armenian Highlands of eastern Turkey and then snakes down through Syria, is shown.

As expected, there is also excellent detail along the coast, with many important maritime ports.


Sebastian Münster

Sebastian Münster (1488-1552) was a cosmographer and professor of Hebrew who taught at Tübingen, Heidelberg, and Basel. He settled in Basel in 1529 and died there, of the plague, in 1552. Münster was a networking specialist and stood at the center of a large network of scholars from whom he obtained geographic descriptions, maps, and directions.

As a young man, Münster joined the Franciscan order, in which he became a priest. He studied geography at Tübingen, graduating in 1518. Shortly thereafter, he moved to Basel for the first time, where he published a Hebrew grammar, one of the first books in Hebrew published in Germany. In 1521, Münster moved to Heidelberg, where he continued to publish Hebrew texts and the first German books in Aramaic. After converting to Protestantism in 1529, he took over the chair of Hebrew at Basel, where he published his main Hebrew work, a two-volume Old Testament with a Latin translation.

Münster published his first known map, a map of Germany, in 1525. Three years later, he released a treatise on sundials. But it would not be until 1540 that he published his first cartographic tour de force: the Geographia universalis vetus et nova, an updated edition of Ptolemy’s Geography. In addition to the Ptolemaic maps, Münster added 21 modern maps. Among Münster’s innovations was the inclusion of map for each continent, a concept that would influence Abraham Ortelius and other early atlas makers in the decades to come. The Geographia was reprinted in 1542, 1545, and 1552.  

Münster’s masterpiece was nevertheless his Cosmographia universalis. First published in 1544, the book was reissued in at least 35 editions by 1628. It was the first German-language description of the world and contained 471 woodcuts and 26 maps over six volumes. The Cosmographia was widely used in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries and many of its maps were adopted and modified over time, making Münster an influential cornerstone of geographical thought for generations.

Condition Description

Woodblock map with letterpress on verso. Paper with usual age-toning. Very good throughout.