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Sanson's double hemisphere world map with Island of California

Place/Date: Paris / 1743
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Title: Mappe-Monde ou Carte Generale du Globe Terrestre Representee en deux Plan-Hemispheres Revue et Changee en Plusieurs Endroits Suivant les Relations les plus Recentes
Dimensions
14.6 x 16.3 cm (5.7 x 6.5 in)
Identifier
NL-00083
Coloring
Hand color
Condition Rating
VG

Description

Uncommon double hemisphere map decorated with clouds at the top and allegorical representations of the continents along the bottom. California is shown as an island with an incomplete coastline in the Pacific Northwest. The Great Lakes do not yet appear but there is a large St. Lawrence River. T. de Iesso stretches between Asia and North America. In the southern hemisphere, there is a bit of Il. Zelande near and almost connecting to the large T. Magellanique Aust. et Incongneve, and Australia (Nouv. Hollande) is only partly mapped.

This is a smaller version of a map by Jan Luyts (Shirley #553), published in Baron Pufendorf’s “Introduction a l’Histoire Generale et Political, de l’Universe” in 1743.

Cartographer(s)

Nicolas Sanson

Nicolas Sanson d’Abbeville (1600-67) was perhaps the greatest cartographer of 17th century France—a period of France’s political ascendancy in Europe, and also a period in which French cartographers displaced the Dutch as Europe’s leading map makers.

As a young man, he attracted the attention of Cardinal Richelieu and in time became Géographe Ordinaire du Roi for Louis XIII and Louis XIV, both of whom he personally instructed in geography. Under Louis XIII, Sanson was made a minister of state. Sanson has become known as the “father of French cartography,” and his influence is such that the sinusoidal projection that he used has become known as the “Sanson-Flamsteed projection,” recognizing the influence of Sanson (Flamsteed was English astronomer royal from 1675 to his death in 1719).

Condition Description

Very good.

References

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