This is Ruscelli’s world sea chart included in his translation of Ptolemy’s Geographia, printed by Vincenzo Valgrisi. Ruscelli’s map is a slightly enlarged version of the map which appeared in Gastaldi’s edition of Ptolemy thirteen years earlier. It features a stipple-engraved sea and numerous rhumb lines radiating from seventeen focal points. The only change seems to be the omissions of the names Tierra Del Laborador and Tierra Del Bacalaos.
The map contains only minimal interior detail but includes several important ports and trading posts, including Zanzibar on the east coast of Africa and Cambay, one of India’s two main ocean ports, visited by Marco Polo in 1293. The Magellan Strait, at the southern tip of South America is labelled and Tierra del Fuego is shown as a very large island.
North America and Asia are connected to form a single immense continent; North America and Europe are connected via Greenland. In this way, the map presents a jumbled mix of various contemporary cartographic ideas, including the thin Greenland peninsula as an extension of Scandinavia, as well as Verrazzano’s mistaken notions of a North American inland sea. Depicted across the fictitious connection between North America and Greenland is labeled Tangut: where Marco Polo met the messengers of Kublai Khan. Confusingly, however, across the continent (India Superior) to the east is the place name La China, a very early appearance of this term.
The map appeared in 1562, 1564, 1574 and in Giuseppe Rosaccio’s expanded edition of Girolamo Russelli’s Geografia in 1598 and 1599. Girolamo Ruscelli’s edition of Ptolemy’s Geographia included newly engraved copperplates by Giulio and Livio Sanuto.
Verso text: Italian.