Hispaniae novae sive magnae recens et vera descriptio

Cartographer(s): Abraham Ortelius
Date: 1579
Place: Antwerp
Dimensions: 51 x 35 cm (20 x 13.7 in)
Condition Rating: VG+

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SKU: NL-00246 Category:

Ortelius’s map of Mexico, one of the earliest printed maps of New Spain.


This was the standard map of the area for a generation, copied by De Bry, Quad, and Hondius. Even though Herrera (Spain’s Royal Cosmographer) and Wytfliet worked twenty years after Ortelius, they produced inferior maps of the to this one.

The map shows an area corresponding roughly to the modern Mexican states of Michoacan, Jalisco, Mayarit, and Guerrero, plus the Valley of Mexico. It is adorned with two strapwork cartouches and sailing ships.

Note the large number of place names, often so densely distributed that reference by number or letter is used to save space, and lines are drawn from place names to circles indicating their location. Numerous rivers are depicted, but most of them remain unnamed. Spanish barracks or tents are indicated by small squares with a circle in the middle.

Verso Text: Latin


Abraham Ortelius

Abraham Ortelius (1527-1598) was born in Antwerp to Flemish parents in 1527. After studying Greek, Latin, and mathematics, he and his sister set up shop as book dealers and a ‘painter of maps.’ In his heart, Ortelius was, nevertheless, first and foremost a historian. He believed geography was the ‘eye of history,’ which explains why he collected maps and historical documents with such passion. Ortelius traveled widely in pursuit of his interests, building contacts with mapmakers and literati all over the European continent.

Ortelius reached a turning point in his career in 1564 with the publication of a World Map in eight sheets, of which only a single copy survives. In 1570, he published a comprehensive collection of maps titled Theatrum orbis terrarum (Theatre of the World). The Theatrum is conventionally considered the first modern-style atlas. It was compiled by collecting maps and charts from colleagues across the continent, which Ortelius then had engraved in a uniform size and style. The engraver for most of the maps in Theatrum was none other than the famous Frans Hogenberg, who also served as the main engraver for the 16th-century urban atlas Civitates Orbis Terrarum, published with Georg Braun in 1572.

Hogenberg’s re-drawn and standardized maps formed the basis of the first atlas in history (even though it was Mercator who was the first to use the term a few decades later). Unlike many of his contemporaries, Ortelius noted his sources openly and in the first edition, acknowledged no less than eighty-seven different European cartographers. This ‘catalogus auctorum tabularum geographicum‘ is one of the major innovations of his atlas. The list of contributing mapmakers was kept up-to-date for decades after Ortelius’ death. In the first edition of 1570, this list included 87 names, whereas the posthumous edition of 1603 contained no less than 183 names.

While compiled by Abraham Ortelius in the manner described above, the Theatrum was first printed by Gielis Coppens van Diest, an Antwerp printer experienced with cosmographical books. Van Diest was succeeded by his son Anthonis in 1573, who in turn was followed by Gillis van den Rade, who printed the 1575 edition of Ortelius’ atlas. From 1579, Christoffel Plantin took over, and his successors continued to print Theatrum until Ortelius’ heirs sold the copperplates and the publication rights to Jan Baptist Vrients in 1601. In 1612, shortly after Vrients’s death, the copperplates passed to the Moretus brothers.

Condition Description

A good and dark impression with vivd colors.


Rumsey 10001.069. OCLC 9540720. Koeman Ort 72.