This map of Africa from the 5th parallel north to the Cape of Good Hope represents the Scramble for Africa at its height. The area has been completely divided up by European powers. Large swathes of territory are labeled Portuguese, British, and German. Congo is divided into French Congo and Congo Free State.
In the south, we see Cape Colony, the South African Republic, and the Orange River Free State, an independent Boer sovereign republic in Southern Africa during the second half of the 19th century, which ceased to exist after it was defeated and surrendered to the British Empire at the end of the Second Boer War in 1902.
In a large area of German holding (roughly comprising present-day Namibia), we see the separate coastal zone of Walvis Bay, which was occupied by the British Empire and annexed by the Cape Colony in 1884.
The Zambesi Railway is shown in progress.
Unintentionally highlighting the tragic absurdity of European colonialism in Africa is a small inset of England at scale, showing it equivalent to but a tiny fraction of Africa.