SEPTENTRIONALIUM Terrarum descriptio. Per Gerardum Mercatore
1623 map North Pole heightened in gold and filled with cartographic myths
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This is the first map devoted to the Arctic, hemispherical with a North Polar projection and surrounded by an attractive floral design. Among the numerous cartographic myths depicted on the map are: the Rupes Negra, the island of Frisland, the Straight of Anian, Lake Conibas, and more.
In the corners are four roundels, one of this contains the title, the other three contain maps of the Faeroe Isles, the Shetland Isles and Frisland. Recent attempts at finding the North West and North East Passages are depicted. The results of Frobisher’s and Davis attempts are recorded.
California is labeled (Califormia) and is described as Spanish territory.
With ‘t Behouden huys’ engraved near Nova Zembla.
Verso text: Latin. Second state; the date is determined by the signature N below the word Omnes at the bottom of the second page on the verso.
Heightened in gold. Heavy paper, wide margins. Verso reinforced centerfold with some restorations.
Burden, Philip. The Mapping of North America: a list of printed maps. Rickmansworth: Raleigh Publications, 1996, #88.