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Rare and important contemporary Civil War map of the Carolina coast Union blockade.

Place/Date: New York / 1861
$6,500.
Title: Colton’s New Topographical Map of the Eastern Portion of the State of North Carolina with Part of Virginia and South Carolina from the latest and best authorities.
Technique
Lithograph
Dimensions
73.5 x 105.5 cm (29 x 41.5 in)
Identifier
NL-00654
Condition Rating
VG
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Description

This is an exceedingly rare first edition map of eastern North Carolina, with a large section of Virginia and part of South Carolina. It extends north-south from Richmond, Virginia down to Wilmington, North Carolina, with parts of today’s Myrtle Beach, and east-west from Pamlico Sound and Jacksonville to Raleigh. The map depicts in remarkable detail important coastal forts, cities, towns, county boundaries, township boundaries, roads, railroads, swamps, and watersheds.

An important contemporary document of the American Civil War, this large format map depicts the Union blockade of the North Carolina coast with the illustration of 18 ships. Along the bottom of the sheet, a secondary map, Plan of the Sea Coast from Virginia to Florida, offers an overall picture of the Atlantic seaboard during the war.

The Union blockade was a naval strategy by the United States to prevent the Confederacy from trading. The blockade was proclaimed by President Abraham Lincoln in April 1861, the year this map was published.

The map depicts the initial phase of the blockade, in which Union forces concentrated on the Atlantic Coast. The November 1861 capture of Port Royal in South Carolina provided the Union with an open ocean port and repair and maintenance facilities in good operating condition. It became an early base of operations for further expansion of the blockade along the Atlantic coastline. The Navy gradually extended its reach throughout the Gulf of Mexico to the Texas coastline, including Galveston and Sabine Pass. Overall, the Union blockade was a powerful weapon that seriously damaged the Southern economy.

This stunning map is embellished with fancy titling and an elaborate floral and wheat-themed border.

Cartographer(s)

Joseph Hutchins Colton

Joseph Hutchins Colton (July 5, 1800 – July 29, 1893), known professionally as J.H. Colton, founded an American mapmaking company which was an international leader in the map publishing industry between 1831 and 1890.

Lang and Laing

Condition Description

Backed on archival linen with mended tears and loss along the edges, not affecting map image. Various minor blemishes. Very good for large map of this era.

References

LC Civil War maps (2nd ed.) 304.85. Stephenson 304.85. Rumsey 3044.000.

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