Narrative of a Journey to the Shores of the Polar Sea, in the Years 1819, 20, 21 and 22. [First Edition, First Issue]
The narrative of Captain John Franklin’s first expedition to the Polar North. A landmark of historic travel literature from an icon in the history of Arctic exploration.
First edition, first issue of the narrative of Sir John Franklin’s first Arctic voyage (1819-22), published just a year after his return to London.
Known as the Coppermine Expedition, its purpose was to map and explore the northern littoral of the American continent. Franklin was charged with reaching these isolated coastal stretches by crossing overland from Hudson Bay. Once there, he was to survey and chart the coast as it stretched eastwards from the mouth of the Coppermine River.
The expedition lasted three years, during which Franklin and his crew surveyed more than 5,000 miles of the Canadian coastline. It was a journey of unimaginable hardship. Over the course of the three years, Franklin lost eleven of the twenty men in his party. Most of them succumbed to starvation and exposure, but there appears to have been at least one murder, and for years there were rumors of cannibalism. Franklin’s book explains how the men depended on lichen (a type of arctic algae-moss) to survive. The men also attempted to consume the leather of their boots, winning Franklin the sobriquet, “the man who ate his boots.” Yet despite the severe challenges, the surviving men pushed on with the mission and returned safely to London in 1822, where Franklin was welcomed as a great hero.
The narrative of this incredible journey, published a year after his return from the icy shores, immediately became a bestseller and an absolute classic of British travel literature. It contains Franklin’s insights and perspectives on all of the major events of the expedition, as well as his considerations on the expedition’s goals. In addition to the more formal element of his reporting, the work is full of Franklin’s observations on the landscape, its people, climate, and wildlife.
Published in a Quarto format (268 x 215mm), this gorgeous edition of Franklin’s narrative is bound in contemporary half Morocco with a richly gilt spine. The hinges have cracked over time, but the book is generally in an impressive condition for a first edition in original binding. The tome includes all of the original thirty plates and four folding maps. Ten of the plates have been hand-colored to enhance viewers’ experience.
All in all, an authentic and luxurious edition of this iconic journey into the Arctic wilds. The book is completely intact and in impressive condition.
Context is Everything
During the 1820s, British Rear-Admiral Sir John Franklin (1786 – 1847) led two major expeditions into the Canadian Arctic to map these isolated regions and possibly discover a viable Northwest Passage. In 1845, roughly twenty-five years after his first expedition, Franklin lead a third attempt, which ended in catastrophe and the dramatic loss of both ships and their crew. Staying for too long into the season, the HMS Erebus and Terror became icebound off King William Island (Nunavut) and were abandoned by their crews ten months later.
In an attempt to march to safety, the men slowly died of starvation, hypothermia, and scurvy. John Franklin himself died in June of 1847. The loss was a great mystery and tragedy at the time, and several expeditions were mounted in search of Franklin and his crew, including one headed by the other great Polar explorer of the time, John Ross. But all of them returned without discovering what had happened to the Erebus and Terror.
In 2007, Dan Simmons published his novel, The Terror, which gave the mystery a new spin towards the horror genre. The book quickly became a bestseller. In 2018, Simmons’ book was turned into a TV-drama starring the Irish actor Ciarán Hinds as Captain Franklin. Interestingly, in the years between the publication of the Simmons book and the production of the TV series, a vital clue to piecing the true story together was discovered.
In 2014, an expedition led by Parks Canada discovered the wreck of HMS Erebus in the Wilmot and Crampton Bay near the Adelaide Peninsula. The area had previously been identified by local Inuit as a likely location for the wreckage.
Two years later, the wreck of HMS Terror was located on the south coast of King William Island. Archaeological inspection of the wrecks using remote-controlled submarines revealed that especially the Terror had been extraordinarily well preserved. In fact, most of the archaeologists working on the project believe that the HMS Terror sailed to this location through a maze of islands and channels and was anchored here when the ice flows finally bored her down.
30 plates, 10 of which are hand-colored, 4 folding maps. Includes Botany index.
Contemporary half morocco, spine richly gilt (hinges cracked).
Provenance: Heritage Bookshop; then Martin Greene Library (Christie’s Dec. 2017).
Abbey Travel 635; Arctic Bib. 5194; Hill 635; Peel 80; Lande 1181; Sabin 25624; TPL 1248.